5.6.2 Does your university as a body have a policy of non-discrimination for transgender people?
What is the meaning of Gender Discrimination?
Gender discrimination means discrimination based on a person’s gender or sex, which more often affects girls and women. Because of gender discrimination, girls and women do not have the same opportunities as boys and men for education, meaningful careers, political influence, and economic advancement.
Where does it happen?
Gender-based discrimination happens throughout the world. Because of gender discrimination, women who perform the same tasks as men are often paid less and receive fewer benefits from their work. Even in developed countries like Canada, women earn only 70.4 percent of what men earn – a percentage lower today than in the 1990’s.
Why does it happen?
The root cause is based in culture. A society’s culture both shapes the way ‘things are done’ and explains why that is. Culture defines who women and men are, what they do, and establishes the structure of the relationship between them. Cultural explanations describe “women’s work” and “men’s work” in the home and community. These explanations differ among societies and change over time. Generally, women have less personal autonomy, fewer resources and less influence than men regarding decisions which affect and form their societies and their own lives.
Are there laws against gender discrimination?
Canada has laws opposing gender discrimination. Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms states, “Every individual is equal before and under the law and has the right to the equal protection and equal benefit of the law without discrimination and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age or mental or physical disability.”
There are also several international agreements upheld by Canada, which guarantee gender equality.
Gender equality means both men and women can exercise their rights and realize their full human potential, regardless of their gender.
The UAE places education at the cornerstone of Vision 2021. The Ministry of Education (MOE) and its strategic partners have laid out a strong strategy to harness the national human capital’s full potential by maximizing participation in high-quality education, encouraging entrepreneurship, and nurturing public and private sector leaders. The 2016 merger between the Ministry of Education and Higher Education has enabled the UAE to focus on equity and quality from kindergarten to higher education to fill the gap between academic requirements
and labour market demands. MOE is accelerating progress towards the SDGs by infusing Information & Communication Technologies (ICT) (such as Artificial Intelligence) in the education system through a smart learning program and a specialized data centre.
Policies and Initiatives
The Early Childhood Policy (2018) targets children from birth until the age of 8 and calls for the establishment of a national framework with a comprehensive and integrated approach for the care and learning of children
The Inclusive Education Policy Framework (2018) defines an Emirati school model focused on providing quality education from birth through its five tracks (Specialization track, General/Academic track, Professional track, Advanced track and Professional Advanced track).
Quality as measured by students’ learning outcomes: Although recent international assessment results (TIMSS and PISA) are showing improvements
Teacher preparation and professional development: Increased quality of teachers (with a shift from a supply-driven to a demand-driven focus of all professional development programs) to ensure that teachers adopt teaching and learning methodologies and assessment practices that reflect the intent of the curriculum, the need of students, and system expectations for effective teaching
Clear, consistent and sustainable SDG 4 Monitoring Framework at a global level: Although many efforts are under way to develop a holistic monitoring framework for SDG 4, it is still a global challenge to finalize all components of a sound monitoring framework including operationalization of certain targets, development of indicators, standards and tools to match the ambitions of SDG 4.
Based on the above; Canada and UAE government policies; we notice that CUD achieves gender equality and empower all women and girls by applying these policies at every sector of the university.
Canadian University Dubai (CUD) Assistant Professor Jeanette Teh has revealed that 'double standards and gender stereotypes' are still significant barriers to women's progression in the workplace, in a recent article published by industry magazine, Gulf Business.
The opinion piece, entitled "Held To Higher Standards: Why The Glass Ceiling Still Exists", is the latest in a series of commentaries by professor Teh to feature in the leading business publication. In it she discusses the recent research findings issued by American independent research organization, Pew Research Center, on the subject of 'Women in Leadership'.
"The findings were interesting," reveals professor Teh, "While the American public generally felt women were equally capable as leaders, women were held to a higher standard than men and these gender stereotypes will continue to prevent true equality."
She continues, "While men were perceived to be stronger at risk-taking and negotiating profitable deals, women were seen by the majority as being more compassionate and organized. Female business leaders were also generally seen as better at compromising, being honest and ethical, mentoring, and providing fair pay than their male counterparts.
"Theoretically, then, women are deemed as capable as men. However, they have to do more to prove themselves to surmount the expectation that men are more naturally suited to leadership positions."
Teh considered the Center's recent research findings in the context of the upcoming International Women's Day, which will run under theme 'Make It Happen', and concluded the article with her own ideas on how to 'Make It Happen' and eliminate the need for women to perform to higher standards because of outdated expectations.