Does your university as a body have reasonable accommodation policy/strategy implemented, including adequately funded mechanism for persons with disabilities?

Accommodation

Dubai is a cosmopolitan metropolis. A vibrant, forward-thinking city with much to offer. As one of the most compelling places in the Middle East, it has become the preferred regional headquarters for expatriates from across the globe, as well as a regional leader in both culture and tourism. Its diverse economic landscape has created space for technological innovation and development, generating an array of employment opportunities in several fields including: finance, aviation, education, and trade.

Canadian University Dubai (CUD) offers students the chance to immerse themselves in this cultural paradise, providing an international academic experience in the heart of Dubai.

At CUD, we understand that your university experience extends beyond our campuses. This is why we work with our students to find suitable accommodation to meet their needs and expectations. Each of our students have different requirements for housing, and our aim is to assist you with finding a comfortable living environment that has all the amenities you need to be successful. For assistance with accommodation-related queries, please write to our Student Services team at housing@cud.ac.ae.

The UAE refers to the people with disabilities as ‘people of determination’ in recognition of their achievements in different fields. This page provides information about how people of determination are protected and empowered through services and facilities in the areas of education, health, jobs and more.

Protection, support and assistance of people of determination

Online services for people of determination


Federal Law No. (29) of 2006 Concerning the Rights of People of Determination

His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan, UAE President, issued in 2006, the Federal Law No. (29) of 2006 concerning the rights of people of determination.

The law guarantees equal care, rights and opportunities for people of determination in education, health care, training and rehabilitation, and aims at providing all services within the limits of people of determination abilities and capabilities.

It also places emphasis on integrating people of determination into public and private schools, and takes into account retirement considerations.

Prominent Articles of the Law

General Provisions

Article (1)

Definitions: The law defines a person of determination as every person suffering from a temporary or permanent, full or partial deficiency or infirmity in his physical, sensory, mental, communicational, educational or psychological abilities to an extent that limits his possibility of performing the ordinary requirements.

Discrimination is defined as any segregation, exclusion or restriction due to different needs leading to the damage or denial of recognition of any rights granted by the prevailing legislation in the country or its practice or enjoyment on an equal footing.

Article (2)

A person of determination shall not be deprived of his/her rights and services, especially, in welfare as well as social, economic, health, educational, professional, cultural and leisure services.

Article (6)

UAE shall provide legal assistance to people of determination in all cases in which his or her liberty is restricted for any legal reason. When the restriction of freedom of the disabled occurs, the following shall be done:

  • Treat him/her in a humane manner that takes into consideration his/her situation and needs as a person of determination.

  • Provide the necessary information and data concerning the details for restricting his/her liberty.

  • Provide adequate assistance in case of inability to pay court fees, expenses or fines, as issued by a decision from the UAE Cabinet.

Article (7)

UAE guarantees people of determination their right to expression of opinion using Braille, sign language and other means of communication, as well as the right to request, receive and communicate information on an equal footing with others.

Health and Rehabilitation Services

Article (10)

Every disabled UAE national has the right to benefit from health, rehabilitation and support services at the expense of the UAE, including all surgical operations, whether performed due to disability or not: transplantation, treatment of sores, orthodontics, and hospitalisation in specialised centres and others for intensive or regular treatment, including:

  • Providing all equipment, tools, aids and other necessities for the success of the surgical operations, whether they are permanent or temporary.

  • Providing consultation and treatment with general practitioners, specialists, consultants, dentists as well as psychological evaluation, audiometry, X-rays, laboratory testing and dispensing of medicines.

  • Rehabilitation and specialised treatment internal and external physical therapy, work therapy, and speech therapy as well as audio and psychological therapy.

  • Technical aids and assistive devices including fixed and mobile compensatory devices, earphones, artificial limbs, glass eyes, etc. (orthodontic forms, mobility aids, wheelchairs, sticks, walkers, crutches, sores protection aids and all surgical instruments).

Education

Article (12)

The country guarantees people of determination equal opportunities in education within all educational, vocational training, adult education and continuing education institutions in regular classes or special classes with the availability of curriculum in sign language or Braille or and any other methods as appropriate.

Work

Article (16)

UAE nationals of determination have the right to work and hold public office.

People of determination needs shall not be a barrier for their nomination and selection for a job. People of determination needs should be taken into account while testing the candidate's competency for the job.

Public, Cultural, and Sport Life

Article (20)

The country shall take the necessary measures to ensure the participation of people of determination in the cultural, sporting and leisure aspects of life.

Enabling Environment

Article (23)

The concerned authorities shall coordinate with each other to specify the engineering standards and specifications for facilities and public utilities in order to ensure their appropriateness for the use, requirements and safety of people of determination.

For this purpose, a resolution shall be made by the cabinet based on the proposal of the Minister of Community Development. The resolution shall set the regulations necessary to implement these standards, specifications and their exceptions.

Exemptions

Article (27)

The vehicles of people of determination shall be exempt from all taxes and fees based on the certificate of disability issued by the Ministry of Social Affairs.

Penalties

Article (33)

Any person who uses the card of a person of determination in an unlawful manner shall be punished with a fine not less than AED 1,000 and not more than AED 5,000.

The punishment shall be multiplied in case of repetition.

Provision under the law

Federal Law No. 29 of 2006 Concerning the Rights of People with Disabilities, as amended with federal law No. 14 of 2009 (the law) protects the rights of people of determination and guarantees them the right to live with dignity. Discrimination is defined as any segregation, exclusion or restriction due to special needs leading to the damage or denial of recognition of any rights granted by the prevailing legislation in the country or its practice or enjoyment on an equal footing. This way, the UAE strives to empower and promote the social inclusion of all.

Who are people of determination?

Under the National Policy for Empowering People with Special Needs, people with special needs or disabilities will be referred to as ‘people of determination’ to recognise their achievements in different fields. As explained on the Abu Dhabi portal, the law defines a person with special needs as someone suffering from a temporary or permanent, full or partial deficiency or infirmity in his physical, sensory, mental, communication, educational or psychological abilities to an extent that limits his possibility of performing the ordinary requirements as people without special needs.

Protection from abuse

The UAE Cabinet approved a People of Determination Protection from Abuse Policy aiming at protecting the people with special needs from abuse while empowering them, their families and their co-workers to deal with cases of abuse.

The Government condemns all forms of abuse and neglect of people of determination. Abuse and neglects involves depriving people of determination of their basic right to care, rehabilitation, medical care, recreation or community integration. It also condemns using such people to get material profits and not spend on them.

As part of its efforts to bring a comprehensive community development, the UAE Government launched a national policy for empowering people of determination. The policy aims to create an inclusive society for them and their families, through services and facilities that accommodate their needs.

The UAE Government decided the following:

Referring to people with special needs or disabilities as ‘the determined ones’

Assigning an official at every government institution that will be responsible for facilitating services for people with special needs. The official’s title will be ‘the Service Officer for the Determined Ones’

Setting up an advisory council which will consist of federal and local government entities and members of society who will provide their advice for achieving the goals of the national policy.

Pillars of the national policy

The national policy is based on 6 pillars:

1.Health and rehabilitation: The government will provide a comprehensive high-quality health care, as well as post-accident rehabilitation programmes and health programmes for this segment. It would invest more on researches about special needs, hereditary and rare diseases that cause impediments. A national programme would be launched for early detection and diagnosis of impairments.

2.Education: The government will provide an integrative education system in public and vocational education and adapt school curricula to cater their needs. It will also provide qualified teachers and specialists, appropriate supportive technologies and learning materials.

3.Vocational rehabilitation and employment: The government will provide vocational rehabilitation programmes for people with disabilities. It will initiate supportive policies to recruit them in government and private institutions, in addition to creating a database of information about their needs.

4.Outreach: The government will implement unified criteria for buildings requirements, taking into consideration the needs of people with special needs.

5. Social protection and family empowerment: The government will ensure that federal and local legislations for people with special needs are in harmony with the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. A hotline will be set up to receive any complaints from the people with special needs.

6. Public life, culture and sports: The government will ensure the integration of people with special needs into various cultural, sports and social activities through various competitions and awareness programmes.

Provisions for people of determination

The term special education describes the programmes and services designed for people of determination (people with special needs) in order to ensure that all students can reach their full potential.

The term 'special educational needs' is used to describe the educational needs of any one with a disability, disorder, difficulty, impairment, exceptionality or any other factor that may affect a student's access to learning and educational performance.

The government of the UAE strongly supports education and learning services for people of determination. In November 2006, the UAE signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and Optional Protocol.

Federal Law No. 29 of 2006, is the first law in the UAE to protect the rights of people of determination. Article 12 of the law provides: the country guarantees people with special needs equal opportunities in education within all educational, vocational training, adult education and continuing education institutions in regular classes or special classes with the availability of curriculum in sign language or Braille and or any other methods as appropriate.

Ministry of Education's (MoE) strategy is to adapt public schools to facilitate education for people of determination. Accordingly, people of determination are entitled to enrol in any school, without exception. These students are catered for by Department of Special Education, which was established in 2008 by MoE. This Department promotes the rights of people of determination and ensures that they have access to the same educational opportunities as students in the regular education system.

Inclusive education for people of determination

The UAE has made big efforts to include people of determination in the mainstream educational settings. Ministry of Education provides expert teachers who specialise in dealing with children of determination.

In 2008, Ministry of Community Development launched an initiative to integrate people of determination in the government education system. The initiative which was launched under the slogan ‘School of All’ and adopted by Ministry of Education was a major step towards the social integration of the disabled and their involvement in the development process.

Dozens of disabled people continue their education, many of whom have graduated from higher education and some received their PhDs.

The National Project for Inclusion of People with Special Needs which was launched in 2008 under the slogan ‘Our Life is in Our Integration’, emphasises on providing the necessary environment and facilities for people of determination in order to facilitate their practical access to the educational system.

After receiving an overwhelming response from the participants in other emirates, the project expanded to the rest of the UAE, underscoring the importance of the community role and partnership in achieving excellence.

Supported by H. H. Sheikha Fatima bint Mubarak, the Supreme Chairperson of the Family Development Foundation and Chairwoman of General Women's Union, the National Project for Inclusion is aimed at achieving a complete integration of people of determination into the society at the social, educational, health and environmental levels.

As of academic year 2014-2015, there were 156 public schools across the UAE that implemented this project.

For more information,read:

General Rules for the Provision of Special Education Programs and Services (Public and Private Schools) (PDF 1.72 MB) - Ministry of Education

Quality standards of services for people of determination in government and private institutions (Arabic and English) (PDF 3.14 MB) - Ministry of Community Development

Dubai Inclusive Education Policy Framework

In support of the ‘My community… a city for every one initiative and Dubai Disability Strategy 2020 which aims for Dubai to become disability-friendly by 2020, Knowledge and Human Development Authority - KHDA launched the Dubai Inclusive Education Policy Framework (PDF).

The framework provides valuable information about the standards required in the area of educational practice and offers clear guidance on the actions to be taken to ensure the provision of quality inclusive services for students of determination (disabled or people with special needs).

The framework applies to all education sectors across Dubai. It includes early childhood services, special needs centres and primary, secondary and higher education providers. It also empowers education providers, regulatory authorities and governing bodies in Dubai to closely monitor progress and compliance.

Equal opportunities

MoE offers several training programmes and facilities targeting children of determination, their parents and kindergarten teachers.

Programmes include guidance for dealing with people with visual and hearing disabilities, talent identification programmes, getting familiar with sign language for the deaf and handling speech and language disorders in kindergarten-going children.

Support centres

Ministry of Education has set up support centres to follow up and evaluate the progress of people of determination before and after integration in schools. These centres provide various services including individual diagnosis of students with disabilities and learning difficulties, recommendations, helping and supporting parents to deal with the child's situation and directing them to sources with appropriate support services for their child.

National institutes concerned with people of determination can benefit from annual grants and rewards and professional programmes for qualifying experts in the field of special education.

Community Development Authority (CDA) offers tuition assistance in cash up to AED 50,000 per year to low-income earners with children that have disabilities.

Centres for people of determination

There are many government and private organisations, centres and clubs that provide training and rehabilitation to people of determination (people with special needs). Ministry of Community Development is responsible for issuing licences to private organisations and centres working in the field of care, education and training of people of determination. Refer to the services provided by Ministry of Community Development for people of determination.

Key government centres for people of determination

Key government centres include:

  • Zayed Higher Organization for People of Determination (ZHO)

Zayed Higher Organization for People of Determination (ZHO) is an umbrella for all humanitarian bodies, social services, people of determination institutions and any future bodies established in Abu Dhabi for humanitarian goals. Learn more about Zayed Higher Organization for People of Determination.

  • Sharjah City for Humanitarian Services (SCHS)

Sharjah City for Humanitarian Services (SCHS) is an independent organisation in the emirate of Sharjah aiming at serving people of determination in the UAE. Under the umbrella of the Supreme Council for Family Affairs in Sharjah, SCHS serves annually more than 3,000 people with determination from different nationalities and age groups. Learn more about Sharjah City for Humanitarian Services.